General English Series - 3

Parts Of Speech Part - 2
An adjective is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun.
  • She is a good girl [What kind of a girl? A good girl]
  • That book is mine. [Which book? That book]

Here, the adjectives 'good' and 'That' say something about the nouns that follow them.
An adjective is sometime seperated from the noun or pronoun it refers to
  • The apple is sweet : [The adjective sweet refers to the noun 'apple']
  • She became rich. [The adjective rich refers to the pronoun 'she']
A verb tells that someone or something does or is.
It usually expresses an action.

  • He walks quickly.
  • The cow eats grass.
  • She writes a letter.
It may also express being.

  • She is tired.
  • She became an engineer.
Here is a became are not "doing words", they are "being words".

An adverb is a word that adds to the meaning of a verb.

  • She writes neatly.
  • Tom speaks French well.
  • The bus stops here.
Here the adverb neatly adds to the meaning of the verb "writes" by telling us how the action is done. The adverb well adds to the meaning of the verb "speaks" in the same way. In the third sentence  the adverb here tells us where the train stop.
Also an adverb adds to the meaning of an adjective or another adverb. Study the adverbs quite and very in the following sentences.

  • You are quite right. [Adds to the meaning of the adjective "right".]
  • She spoke very well. [Adds to the meaning of another adverb "well"]